Architecture in Historic Neighborhoods: A Look at Tower Grove Heights


Considered to be part of Tower Grove South, Tower Grove Heights is affiliated with the St. Louis Police Department’s 2nd District and the City of St. Louis’ 15th Ward. Consequently, it’s bordered by South Grand, Utah Place, Gustine and Arsenal. As far as architecture in historic neighborhoods is concerned, it’s assortment of buildings is among the finest. The majority of the historic neighborhood’s commercial buildings date back to the early 1900s. The area’s residential buildings are primarily from the same period as well as later.

When the area was added to the U.S. Dept. of the Interior NPS’ National Register of Historic Places, it was noted that a lot of those buildings were constructed out of solid brick and adored with white terra cotta features. It’s also important to know that the buildings were designed by a diverse group of architects. The list of most frequently used architects in the development of Tower Grove Heights includes Davis & Woodward and J.G. Zimmerer. They, and the rest of the architects involved in the historic neighborhood’s development, created buildings that were crafted in a wide range of architectural styles.

However, there are many buildings that share common exterior features like four-square, front roof and shaped parapet. Of those, the shaped parapet and four-square tend to be the most prevalent. The shaped parapet style, as you might have guessed, involves using forward-facing parapet walls to block front views of rather plain looking, flat roofs. The four-square, on the other hand, is a true blend of Craftsman and Prairie School architectural designs. It was not unusual for them to feature box-like exteriors topped with hipped roofs and center dormers. As for the front roofs, they share similar features to that of shaped parapets. The major difference between the two is that in the front roofs, there are no parapet walls. Instead, false front roofs are used to hide the buildings’ actual flat roofs.

To learn more about the architecture present in historic neighborhoods like Tower Grove Heights, please contact us today.